A special addition for The Amazing World of Health and Medicine readers on the subject of:

    Coronavirus   

I invite you to join this exploratory journey and learn more about the coronavirus.

We will have several stops along the way to get answers to the questions that arise on the subject:

What is the Coronavirus? What does it mean?

Where did it come from? Why is it so scary? And more and more.

Below you will find:

Adult-led activities to allow children to express and release their anxiety.

An explanation of the gun-shaped infrared thermometer.

Everyone should know that:

Each virus belongs to a particular family, subfamily and genus. But one thing unites them all - they reproduce in the same way.

 

This is similar to humans. Each of us has a nuclear family and an extended family. The thing that unites us all is that in every generation children are born in the same way.

 

Now that we understand this principle about the virus, we will move on to answer many more questions.

Which family does the coronavirus belong to?

The coronavirus belongs to a large subgroup of 1000 viruses. Of all of these, 7 cause diseases to humans.

How did coronavirus get its name?

Corona means a crown in Latin, and  the virus was named that way because of the characteristic appearance of its shape resembling a royal crown. The common title of Coronavirus Disease is COVID-19.

Why  "19"?

Because the disease erupted in December 2019. It is believed to originate in China, in the urban market for illegal wildlife trade, where one of the animals was the source of the disease.

What happened since the outbreak of the disease? 

 In the months since, the disease has spread and migrated from China to all the countries in the world.

 

What are the characteristics the disease? 

It is highly contagious spreading from person to person in a way that is hard to contain. 

 What do children and parents need to do to stay protected from the virus?  

Today the virus has no cure, and recovery depends on each person's natural immune system activity . Therefore, it is worth keeping our immune system working at its best.

First of all, we must remain calm and stress free. While this may seem difficult, solutions can be found.

The best way is by asking questions and getting answers. In this way, a new found knowledge relieves fear and anxiety, instilling a sense of  security and inner peace. (Below is a guide for various Q & A activities).

Note Parents, Teachers, Kindergarten Teachers and Instructors: 

The endless discussion of coronavirus may be seen by children as referring to something unknown, incomprehensible and beyond their understanding. At a young age the virus can seem like a raging monster that  takes over the body. To ease these discomforts experienced by both  parents and their children, I invite you to explore the land of emotions and feelings.

After hearing Prof. Eli Somekh, director of the pediatric ward at Mayanei Hayeshua Medical Center, offering advice on how to prevent anxiety and fears in an interview  on one of the news websites,  I decided to share some activities for children with parents, caregivers and educators/teachers, that help release fears through questions and dialogue. The exercises are suitable for all ages. 

Materials for activity: 

Craft Paper Sheets, Pencils and Crayons . Scissors, Glue, Popsicle sticks.

Ask the children to imagine what the coronavirus looks like and draw it.

When the drawing is complete, each child will cut out his coronavirus image and paste it on a popsicle stick.

Each child will ask their coronavirus questions.

If they are children who write, they will answer their questions in writing.

When finished each child will ask his or her questions, and the adult will give them the appropriate answer. Preschoolers will sit in a class assembly and ask questions while the kindergarten teacher leads the discussion.

This activity allows children to externalize their fears through the coronavirus figure they have drawn, and get accurate answers from their parents, teacher or instructor.

My Corona  

My Mood

Pick the materials you will need for this journey:

Pencils, Crayons, Craft Paper Sheets

Choose the appropriate writing tools and draw two separate circles on the page.

Above one circle write a list of pleasant feelings, and above the other circle list some unpleasant feelings.

Draw rays out of each circle and beside each ray write down what you feel when you hear the word coronavirus.

You can use the following words:

Ashamed, frightened, embarrassed, frustrated, encouraged, enthusiastic, disappointed, depressed/saddened, reinforced, happy, desperate, nervous, joyful, excited, pleased, calm, carefree, irritated, brave, having fun, pampered.

Now when you finished writing share your feelings.

 This task offers an opportunity to meet with your emotions and give them a verbal expression, encouraging a willingness to confront any sense of difficulty, fear, helplessness or frustration while cultivating controlled behavior, self-awareness and response control. Supporting the development of such skills was the reason for writing “The Amazing World of Health and Medicine”.

The Infrared Thermometer

What is this thermometer used to detect fever?

At the entrance to places where many people are standing, a security guard with a mask on will aim what appears to be a white gun to the forehead of any person who wishes to enter the store. This is the heat-measuring device that does not need physical contact. This thermometer has become a symbol of the coronavirus outbreak.

Why measure heat at a supermarket or store entrance?

One of the signs of coronavirus is fever. To prevent infection, each person has their fever measured at the store entrance and thus if a person comes with a fever - they are prevented from coming into contact with other people in the public space.

After days in isolation, when I finally arrived at the supermarket, I was greeted by a security guard with a small gun aimed at my forehead. It was clear to me that this is the innovative thermometer that measures temprature in ten seconds, using infrared ray technology.

What does the word "infra" mean?

The word infra means "below".

To understand - "below what" it is important to know that the light visible to the human eye is on the continuum between the red and the purple and is known to us as the colors of the rainbow of. But there are two other non- visible areas of light that are: 

1. The area below the red light called: infrared light.

2. The area above the purple light called: ultraviolet light.

The following diagram illustrates the spectrum of light - that is, the sequence of colors created from the breaking of the rays of light

Light Spectrum Chart (chart courtesy of Alon Kira, School of Photography)

The infrared radiation can be detected by the heat it emits. Therefore, it is used for various purposes in medicine, one of them being a device for measuring body temperature that does not require contact with the body.

So how does an infrared thermometer work? 

The technology is based on the fact that the human body and various objects emit infrared energy. What happens to this radiation? This radiation is recorded in the detector camera of the device and translated into temperature.

You can find other interesting facts about the thermometer in the book: The Amazing World of Health and Medicine

Wishing everyone a healthy temperature measurement,

Era.